English Language HOME - Subjects

Center for Applied Linguistics: "CAL conducts projects and offers a variety of research-based resources related to the education of English language learners in a variety of settings."


CSUS Library: Citing Electronic Resources: "This guide is written for students and therefore features citing resources from databases currently available for their research through the LRCCD Libraries as well as the Internet. Be sure to use this site for proper documentation of research from electronic resources."


Ibiblio: "Home to one of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, ibiblio.org is a conservancy of freely available information, including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural studies. ibiblio.org is a collaboration of the Center for the Public Domain and The University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill."


Research Guide for Students: Use this authoritative site for help in writing a research paper. Scholars and librarians have collated some of the best resources for the literary research they provide for footnoting, referencing, and bibliographies. Explore in-depth resources for key literary works.


Resources for Writers and Writing Instructors: English instructor, Jack Lynch, of Rutgers University, is working on web links in general english resources on the web, rhetoric and style guides which serve to supplement his grammar guide.


Cambridge Dictionaries Online: "This site provides access to seven free language dictionaries published by Cambridge University Press. These are not comprehensive online dictionaries, but are abridged works intended for individuals learning English. The collection includes Cambridge Learner's Dictionary, Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Cambridge Dictionary of American English, Cambridge International Dictionary of Idioms, Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, Dictionnaire Cambridge Klett Compact, and Dictionario Cambridge Klett Compact.


Critical Thinking: This site has been developed by Robert H. Ennis, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy of Education at the University of Illinois and Sean F. Ennis, Phd Economist at the University of California, Berkeley. Use the links provided by these professors to discover information about critical thinking skills.


Ethnologue: Languages of the World: Owned by SIL International, a service organization that works with people who speak the world’s lesser-known languages, Ethnologue is a place to conveniently find many resources to assist with research of the world's languages. The most recently published edition of the Ethnologue database is Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition. The language data from the sixteenth edition is presented in this searchable web version.


Guide to Grammar and Writing: Contains digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over 170 computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing -- from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays, and a way to submit questions about grammar and writing.


Guidelines for Term Papers: A detailed description on how to write a term paper.


KnightCite: The Hekman Library of Calvin College has provided this online citation generator service to assist students with citations for the three main academic styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago. The service is provided free of charge by the college, and although not required, those who choose to register on the site will have the option of saving all of their citations and multiple bibliographies to their account. Created by Calvin College digital librarian Greg Sennema and Programmer Justin Searls, and supported by Calvin's ALIVE (Advanced Learning in Virtual Environments) program.


Language and Linguistics: The National Science Foundation has developed a site on language and linguistics throughout the world. This site has special reports on speech, language learning, language change, dialects, endangered languages, and sign languages.


Merriam Webster Online Dictionary: Abridged dictionary with brief definitions including the etymology of each word. This dictionary also now includes audio pronunciation of each word.


National Council of Teachers of English: The National Council of Teachers of English is devoted to improving the teaching and learning of English and the language arts at all levels of education. Since 1911, NCTE has provided a forum for the profession, an array of opportunities for teachers to continue their professional growth throughout their careers, and a framework for cooperation to deal with issues that affect the teaching of English.


National Science Foundation: The NSF has developed a site on language and linguistics throughout the world. This site has special reports on speech, language learning, language change, dialects, endangered languages, and sign languages.


NGram Viewer: The first tool of its kind, the Google Labs N-gram Viewer is capable of precisely and rapidly quantifying cultural trends based on massive quantities of data, e.g., how often phrases have occurred in the world's books over the last 500 years. Use the Google tool to graph the occurrence of phrases up to five words in length from 1400 through the present day. This tool currently supports the following languages: Chinese, English, French, German, Hebrew, and Russian. A research article in "Science Express" that highlights the use of this Google tool is Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books.


OWL: This is Purdue University's Online Writing Lab. This site provides materials on topics such as punctuation, resumes, formats (such as MLA or APA) for citing electronic sources; includes information on Internet-based research. For a handout on how to avoid plagiarism click here.


Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sources: The University of Wisconsin-Steven Point Librarians have devised a simple chart-based system clarifying the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary source material.


Primary Sources: The Reference Librarians at the Library of Congress have written a guide for finding and evaluating primary sources on the internet or in Library collections. Look at this site for clarification on the difference between primary and secondary source material.


Pros and Cons of Controversial Issues: Use this site to select a controversial topic for argumentative essays using critical thinking skills.


Research and Documentation Online: Online version of "Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age" by Diana Hacker. It contains research guides to Humanities, Social Sciences, History, and Sciences.


U.S. Copyright Office: "Here you will find all our key publications, including informational circulars; application forms for copyright registration; links to the copyright law and to the homepages of other copyright-related organizations."


Visual Thesaurus Online Edition: "The Visual Thesaurus accesses data from WordNet, a publicly available lexical reference system developed by the Cognitive Science Laboratory at Princeton University. This database, inspired by psycholinguistic theories of human lexical memory, contains over 50,000 words and 40,000 phrases collected into more than 70,000 sense meanings."


World Atlas of Language Structures: WALS is a large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials by a team of more than 40 authors (many of them the leading authorities on the subject). It is a joint project of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Max Planck Digital Library and is also a separate publication, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil and Bernard Comrie (Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, 2008).


Wordsmyth - Educational Dictionary - Thesaurus: This distinctive dictionary-thesaurus involves the use of both primary and secondary sources. It is designed to give readable definitions for the general user. The word list is very helpful in developing a basic vocabulary. (Free registration is required)


Writing Argumentative Essays: A unit of curriculum which aims to teach students how to write short argumentative essays of approximately 1000 words.


Writing Center at Colorado State University: Features include interactive tutorials, demonstrations, and writing guides for a variety of subjects from online research to developing arguments to correctly citing sources.


Writing Process: University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center provides instructional materials covering the stages of the writing process; Common types of writing assignments; Grammar and punctuation; Writing style; Citing sources for term papers.